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Founded in 1933 in Japan, Nissan is part of the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance. Best known for being the world's largest EV manufacturer in 2018 (though they have recently lost the title to the Chinese EV manufacturer BYD.), Nissan was also the sixth largest automaker in the world in 2013 and the largest car manufacturer in North America in 2014.
The first vehicle that Nissan produced was the DAT, named for the first letters of the three company founders' surnames (Kenjiro Den, Rokuro Aoyama, and Meitaro Takeuchi.) This gave way to the Datsun brand, and the Datsun type 11 was created in 1932. Only 150 were produced in total. Today, Nissan makes a variety of sedans, hatchbacks, trucks, vans, and SUVs. Their current model lineup includes the Nismo, GT-R, Serena, Note, Maxima, X-Trail, Murano, Pathfinder, Altima, and Leaf. Nissan sold 1,440,049 vehicles in the US in 2017, which was its best-selling year.
Nissan recently announced they intended to spend $18 billion over the next five years to increase and accelerate their electric vehicle production. They plan to expand their current EV line with 23 new vehicles, including gas-electric hybrids. Nissan wants to complete this line expansion by 2030, by which it says it will electrify half of its entire vehicle portfolio. This new lineup will include both EVs and e-Power hybrids, along with electric versions of their current vehicle models.